My commentary to the DotU wordlist pt. II


According to Elaine Cunningham, all vowels are short and words are stressed on the second syllable. (Source: Candlekeep Forum)

 

‘ marks stress on the following syllable

 

Pronunciation:

<abban> = /ab’ban/

<abbil> = /ab’bil/

<akh> = /akh/

<alur> = /a’lur/

<alurl> = /a’lurl/

<alust> = /a’lust/

 

<bauth> = /ba’ut/ or /bawt/ or /ba’uθ/ or /bawθ/

<bautha> = /ba’uta/ or /ba’uθa/

<belaern> = /be’laern/

<belbau> = /bel’bau/ or /bel’baw/

<belbol> = /bel’bol/

<bol> = /bol/

<brorn> = /brorn/

 

<cahallin> = /ca’hallin/

<colbauth> = /col’bauθ/ or /col’baut/

 

<dal> = /dal/

<darthiir> = /dar’θir/ or /dar’tir/

<del> = /del/

<doeb> = /do’eb/

<dobluth> = /do’bluθ/ or /do’blut/

<dos> = /dos/

<dosst> = /dost/

<dosstan> = /dos’tan/

<draa> = /dra/

<drada> = /dra’da/

<dro> = /dro/

 

<elgg> = /elgg/

<elghinn> = /elg’hinn/

<elamshin> – /e’lamʃin/

<elend> = /e’lend/

<elendar> = /e’lendar/

 

 

<faer> = /fa’er/

<faerl> = /fa’erl/

<faerbol> = /fa’erbol/

<faern> = /fa’ern/

 

 

<gol> = /gol/

<goln> = /goln/

<golhyrr> = /gol’hirr/

 

 

<harl> = /harl/

<haszak> = probably /ha’ʃak/

<honglath> = /hong’laθ/ or /hong’lat/

 

 

<iblith> = /ib’liθ/ or /ib’lit/

<ilharn> = /il’harn/

<ilhar> = /il’har/

<ilharess> = /il’hares/

<ilindith> = /il’indiθ/ or /il’indit/

<inth> = /inθ/ or /int/

<inthigg> = /in’θigg/ or /in’tigg/

<izil> = /iz’il/

 

<jabbuk> = /jab’buk/ or /dʒab’buk/

<jal> = /jal/ or /dʒal/

<jivvin> = /jiv’vin/ or /dʒiv’vin/

 

<khaless> = /ka’les/ or /kʔa’les/

<kulg> = /kulg/

<kulggen> = /kulg’gen/

<kyone> = /kjo’ne/

<kyorl> = /kjorl/

<kyorlin> = /kjor’lin/

 

<lil> = /lil/

<llar> = /llar/

<llarnbuss> = /llarn’bus/

<lueth> = /lu’eθ/ or /lweθ/ or /lu’et/ or /lwet/

<luth> = /luθ/ or /lut/

 

<maglust> = /mag’lust/

<malla> = /mal’la/

<mrimm> = /mrimm/

<mzild> = /mzild/

 

<nau> = /nau/ or /naw/

<natha> = /na’θa/ or /na’ta/

<nind> = /nind/

<nindyn> = /nind’in/

<noamuth> = /no’amuθ/ or /no’amut/

 

<obsul> = /ob’sul/

<ogglin> = /og’glin/

<olist> = /ol’ist/

<oloth> = /ol’oθ/ or /ol’ot/

<orbb> = /orbb/

<orthae> = /or’θae/ or /or’tae/

 

 

<phalar> = /fa’lar/

<phindar> = /fin’dar/

<pholor> = /fo’lor/

<phuul> = /ful/

<phlynn> = /flynn/

 

<qua’laelay> = /kwaʔ’laelaj/ or /kwa’laelaj/

<quarth> = /ku’arθ/ or /kwarθ/ or /ku’art/ or /kwart/

<quarvalsharess> = /ku’arvalʃares/ or /kwar’valʃares/

<quarthen> = /ku’arθen/ or /kwar’θen/ or /kuar’ten/ or /kwar’ten/

<qu’ellar> = /kuʔ’ellar/ or /ku’ellar/

 

<ragar> = /ra’gar/

<rath> = /raθ/ or /rat/

<rathrae> = /raθ’rae/ or /rat’rae/

<rivvil> = /riv’vil/

<rivvin> = /riv’vin/

 

<sargh> = /sarg/ or /sargh/

<sargtlin> = /sarg’tlin/

<sarn> = /sarn/

<sreen> = /sren/

<ssinssrigg> = /sins’rig/ or /sins’rigg/

<ssussun> = /su’sun/

<streea> = /stre’a/

<streeaka> = /stre’aka/

 

<taga> = /ta’ga/

<talinth> = /ta’linθ/ or /ta’lint/

<thalra> = /θal’ra/ or /tal’ra/

<thalack> = /θal’ak/

<thalackzhind> = /θal’akzʔind/ or /θa’lakzind/

<tlu> = /tlu/

<tuth> = /tuθ/ or /tut/

 

<ul-ilindith> = /ul’ilindiθ/

<ultrin> = /ul’trin/

<ultrinnan> = /ul’trinnan/

<ulu> = /ul’u/ or /u’lu/

<uss> = /us/

<usstan> = /us’tan/

<usstil> = /us’til/

<ust> = /ust/

 

<valsharess> = /val’ʃares/

<veldrin> = /vel’drin/

<velkyn> = /vel’kin/

<vel’uss> = /velʔ’us/ or /vel’us/

<velve> = /vel’ve/

 

<wael> = /wa’el/ or /va’el/

<waela> = /wa’ela/ or /va’ela/

<wun> = /wun/ or /vun/

<wund> = /wund/ or /vund/

 

<xal> = /ksal/

<xun> = /ksun/

<xund> = /ksund/

<xundus> = /ksund’us/

 

<yath> = /jaθ/ or /jat/

<yathrin> = /jaθ’rin/ or /jat’rin/

<yathtallar> = /jaθ’tallar/ or /jat’tallar/ (hint: pause after <yath->)

<yorn> = /jorn/

 

<zhah> = /ʒah/

<z’har> = /zhar/

<zhaun> = /ʒa’un/ or /ʒawn/

<zhaunil> = /ʒa’unil/ or / ʒaw’nil/

<zhin> = /ʒin/

<z’hind> = /zhind/

<z’orr> = /zorr/

<zress> = /zres/

 

 

Now, the placement of some apostrophes stands to reason – as in z’har and z’hind, where it signifies that the h sound is pronounced (without it, the initial “zh” digraph is pronounced /ʒ/. When it comes to other words, I applied two possibilities – either the apostrophe marks a glottal stop or it is dropped completely. Same applies to the “kh” in khaless, as evidenced by the pronunciation in Baldur’s Gate, where jal khaless is always /jal kʔales/ or is dropped /jal kales/.

Double “s” is never pronounced, as evidenced by Usstan zhah dosst from Viconia DeVir’s dialogues being always pronounced /ustan ʒah dost/. Other doubled consonants are pronounced twice (as in abban or abbil, /abbil/ being present in Viconia’s voiced lines).

Note that double consonants usually appear across a syllable boundary, as in ab|bil, ab|ban, ca|hal|lin, jab|buk, kulg|gen, mal|la, og|glin, riv|vil, ul|trin|nan, yath|tal|lar. Double consonants can also appear word-initially, as in llar, llarnbuss, ssinssrigg, ssussun; or word-finally, as in elghinn, golhyrr, khaless, mrimm, llarnbuss, phlynn, ssinssrigg, uss, valsharess, zorr, zress.

However, the reason for doubling vowels, as in draa, phuul, streea or streeaka is unknown; the same is true for the second pair of “s” in ssinssrigg and ssussun.

 

The drow language as can be seen, allows the following syllables:

–         V, as in a|lur, e|lend

 

–         VC, as in uss (pronounced /us/)

–         VCC, as in akh (pronounced /akh/), ust

–         VCCC, as in elgg, orbb

 

–         CV, as in ta|ga

–         CVC, as in bol, del, dos, jal, lil, wun

–         CVCC, as in kulg,  nind, sarn, wund, yorn, zorr

–         CVCCC, as in sargh

 

–         CCV, as in draa (pronounced /dra/), dro, tlu

–         CCVC, as in llar, xal (pronounced /ksal/), zhar (pronounced /zhar/), zress (pronounced /zres/)

–         CCVCC, as in brorn, kyorl, mrimm, mzild, xund (pronounced /ksund/), z’hind

 

–         CCCV, as in stree|a (pronounced /strea/)

 

The syllables frequency is as follows:

–         V:  6/252 – 2,3%

 

–         VC: 30/252 – 11%

–         VCC: 7/252 – 2,7%

–         VCCC: 2/252 – 0,07%

 

–         CV: 40/252 – 15,8%

–         CVC: 90/252 – 35,7%

–         CVCC: 19/252 – 7,5%

–         CVCCC: 1/252 – 0,03%

 

–         CCV: 5/252 – 1,9%

–         CCVC: 12/252 – 4,7%

–         CCVCC: 9/252 – 3,5%

 

–         CCCV: 2/252 – 0,07%

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